Africa is renowned for its diverse wildlife. When you go volunteering in Africa with animals, you won’t see them walking on the streets as the story goes, but you can see them in their natural habitats and lend a hand toward their conservation.
For a nature-lover, the best way to volunteer abroad is to volunteer to work with animals. Read some fun facts about wild animals to volunteer with in Africa.
1) Sea turtles and tortoises
Did you know that the protection of turtles in Seychelles was implemented in the Wild Animals and Birds Protection Act on 11 July 1994? Seychelles is home to two species of sea turtle – the hawksbill and green sea turtles.
Green turtles eat green too. Once they become adults, green turtles have a completely herbivorous diet. Hawksbill turtles, on the other hand, are omnivores and feed on plants like algae, and animals like crustaceans, sea urchins, fish, and jellyfish.
Sea turtles dig a pit on the shore to lay their eggs inside it. The eggs are covered by sand and then left for two months to hatch while the mother turtle returns to the sea. The hawksbill turtle nests during daytime whereas the green turtle nests at nighttime.
You can learn about and contribute to the conservation of these turtles and other interesting animals, by volunteering on our island conservation expedition to Seychelles. You will help sea turtle hatchlings get back to the sea and have the opportunity to learn about the islands and their other inhabitants.
Seychelles also houses the Aldabra giant tortoise. These tortoises are speculated to be able to live over 100 years and in many cases have outlived the scientists who studied them.
They weigh between 350 and 500 pounds, or 159 and 227 kilograms, and have short, stubby legs. These terrestrial giants often squash shrubs and small trees in their path when looking for food, creating useful pathways and clearings for other animals to navigate through easily.
You can learn more about Aldabra giant tortoises by joining our giant tortoise and biodiversity research in Seychelles. As a volunteer, you can contribute to tortoise conservation by gathering information for research, and monitoring hatchlings and young tortoises in the nursery.
Sicklefin lemon sharks are bottomfeeders and even eat other, smaller sharks! When hunted, they also become food themselves. They are hunted and consumed by larger marine creatures and even by people who use their liver oil for vitamins.
Unlike most living groups or societies in the world, elephant herds are led by a female elephant only. The hierarchy of elephant groups is also determined by age. The older an elephant is determines how important it is in the group.
The African elephant has larger ears than the other species of elephants found in the world – the Asian elephant. Some people say the ears of the African elephant are shaped almost like the African continent itself.
The cheetah may not be the biggest cat in the wild, but it is the fastest. It can run up to 120 kilometres per hour.
Even though cheetahs are fast at catching their prey, they can’t outrun the sky’s predator, the eagle. Eagles are known to prey on cheetah cubs. Cheetahs are also listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
The leopard, while neither the fastest nor biggest, definitely has a more interesting origin story. According to an unknown ancient myth, this cat was believed to be a hybrid between a lion and a panther. In fact, its name is derived from the Greek words “leon” (lion) and “pardos” (panther).
Leopard cubs are preyed on by lions and cheetahs, but the leopard mother is clever enough to outwit these rival cats. The leopard mother will hide her cubs from predators, in thick bushes or holes.
Did you know that hyenas are considered to be wild dogs but are actually more closely related to cats? Hyena clans can include up to as many as 80 members.
Hyenas really do laugh. Instead of laughing out of menace, hyenas laugh to express fear or excitement. The superiors of the hyena clans are the female hyenas.
The Western Cape is home to more bird species than the United States of America and Canada combined. South Africa’s national bird is the blue crane, which is called “paradiseus” in Latin. This means “paradise”.
The famous Kruger National Park is situated in Mpumalanga. Here you can find the bat hawk bird. This bird species only hunts in the sky, and eats bats and other small birds.
Another famous place is the Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden in Gauteng. Their bird list contains 887 bird species, including the hadeda ibis, the booted eagle and the European bee-eater.
South Africa is known for its famous “big five” – elephant, lion, buffalo, rhino and leopard. The big five is so important that they are imprinted on South Africa’s bank notes, with the rhino found on the ten rand notes.
The black rhino is smaller than its counterpart. It is also called the hook-lipped rhino and has only three toes on each foot.
Rhinos can fall asleep even while standing. They sleep up to eight hours a day, just like we do.
There are approximately 5,366 and 5,627 black rhinos left in Africa and 17,212 to 18,915 white rhinos. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species rated the white rhino as near threatened and the black rhino as critically endangered, but both population trends are listed as increasing.
If you want to get involved in conservation efforts to keep rhino populations increasing, you can become a volunteer. On the rhino poaching awareness project, you will help raise awareness on anti-poaching initiatives to protect the rhino.
Dolphins are able to send sound waves through the water to find food and to navigate through a process called echolocation. The sound waves will hit an object and bounce back to the dolphin, which will then interpret its code.
The bottlenose dolphin’s skin is grey along the top and white below. This protects the dolphin from predators in a unique way.
The darker top of the dolphin blends in with the ocean depths when spotted from aerial view. The white underside of the dolphin blends in with the skylight when spotted from underneath.
Dolphins are known to be social animals and do everything together, from hunting to playing to swimming. Dolphin pods can have up to 1,000 members.
Diving with dolphins was a popular trend in Zanzibar until people started to notice the effects of human interaction. People are now encouraged to interact with dolphins in a more ethical way by keeping a distance.
Zaytoen Domingo is an intern at the GVI Writing Academy. The Writing Academy is a skills-development program that pairs development editors with budding travel writers. Learn more about the program here.
By Zaytoen Domingo
Zaytoen Domingo is a content writer and editor based in Cape Town, South Africa. She is currently enrolled in the Masters program in English at the University of the Western Cape. After graduating with an Honours Degree in English and Creative Writing, Zaytoen completed a skills-development program for writers and became an alum of the GVI Writing Academy.