Costa Rica is known for its long stretches of coastline, volcano viewings, and variety of wildlife species. And there are some very unusual animals to look out for in this Central American republic.
If you’re an animal lover, craving an outdoor adventure, and looking to see wildlife that is both weird and wonderful, you’ll count yourself lucky when travelling through Costa Rica. And who knows, you could see any one of these unusual animals.
1) The collared peccary
The collared peccary looks like it could be distantly related to the pig, but funnily enough, these Costa Rican foragers aren’t classified in the pig family at all.
Collared peccaries belong to the family of peccaries, scientifically known as Tayassuide.
These creatures are largely omnivorous – meaning they feed on both plants and animals – but mostly enjoy nibbling on leafy greens. And this makes Costa Rica a perfect habitat for them.
And because these unusual animal have striking looks and personality traits, they’ve landed some fitting aliases:
- They are known as javelinas thanks to their long, sharp, hidden tusks that look like javelins.
- Javelinas seem to be quite territorial too. They rub their oil glands against leaves, trees, or rocks to protect their territory. This musky smell has earned them the title of “musk hogs”.
2) The ocelot
These felines look like a mix between a leopard and a house cat. This explains why they’re also called dwarf leopards. These nocturnal carnivores hunt frogs, turtles, rabbits, mice and fish. They may even take things to the next level and prey on monkeys and birds found in trees.
Here are some interesting facts about ocelots:
- They have a distinctive, patterned fur and were once hunted to near extinction because of it. Today, they are regarded as protected species in most countries.
- Unlike house cats, ocelots are avid swimmers.
- The ocelot has a gestation period of about 82 to 85 days and gives birth to two or three kittens. Ocelots are born blind, and only start seeing after three or four weeks.
3) The strawberry poison dart frog
This colourful frog has a unique “chirp-chirp-chirp” call that makes it easy to trace (if the bright red colouring doesn’t catch your attention first).
The most common form of this species is called the blue jeans morph. “Morph” refers to its ability to change colour – from red and blue to white with black spots on its back.
These little creatures are toxic and their ability to change colour acts as a warning sign to enemies, putting off potential attackers.
4) The toucans
These tropical birds are sociable creatures.
Toucans have a distinct call, and are usually heard before they’re seen. Predators regard the toucan’s big bill as a threat, but does size really matter?
Let’s take a look at some facts about toucan bills that can help us to find out.
- Its bill is made up of scaffolding bone, with air-pockets in between. So the toucan’s bill can’t really serve as a weapon.
- The bill’s usefulness comes into play when it’s lunchtime, as it’s used as a tool to reach for food on higher branches.
- They’re not born with big bills. Smaller at birth, their bills grow with age.
So perhaps the most accurate statement we can make about this bright bird’s bill is that the bigger the bill, the older the bird.
5) The jaguar
The 70 languages that make up the South American Tupian languages, all refer to jaguars as “yaguara”, and this means something along the lines of “pouncing killer”.
They are the largest big cats in South America. These majestic mammals are only found in remote areas and face extreme habitat loss due to deforestation. If you have ever come across a jaguar in the wild, count yourself lucky, as they aren’t easily spotted.
Interesting jaguar facts:
- Unlike lions, who live in prides, jaguars are mostly lone rangers. But when they do travel together, a group of jaguars is called a “prowl” or “leap”, paying tribute to their attack techniques.
- Females look after their cubs for at least two years to protect them from other animals.
- Their spots are called rosettes due to their rose-like shape.
6) The montezuma oropendolas
With a name that is almost unpronounceable, the montezuma oropendola’s melodic call sets it apart and forms a big part of its mating behaviour. These feathered creatures live in large colonies of hanging nests. These nests are woven and look like baskets.
How to identify a montezuma oropendola:
- It is quite a large bird with chestnut coloured feathers.
- Their bills are orange at the tip and black towards their face.
- Patches of bare white skin are found on either side of its face, below the eyes.
- It has bright yellow tail feathers.
Costa Rica has some weird and wonderful wildlife living in its rainforests and jungles.
Unfortunately, some of these animals are or were hunted to the point of near extinction. These animals and their habitats need to be protected.
There are some impactful wildlife conservation opportunities where you can help conserve Costa Rica’s rainforests, and perhaps even spot these unusual creatures.
Grab those binoculars and fine-tune your hearing and listen up as the jungle comes alive!
Find out more about GVI’s international, award-winning volunteering programs in Costa Rica and find a wildlife conservation project that could get you closer to these unusual animals.