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Fascinating facts about Africa's endangered animals

By Marike Lauwrens 5 months ago

Africa’s amazing wildlife is a famed trademark of this stunning continent and many visitors travel to Africa especially to see these animals and observe their day-to-day movements. But being popular comes at a price. Many of these creatures have fallen prey to the hands of poachers or have lost their habitat due to deforestation.

Africa’s endangered animals need to be protected in order to try and restore the ever-increasing number of endangered species. We have compiled a list of fascinating facts about some of Africa’s endangered animals to help you in your conservation efforts.

The long and short of giraffes

Africa’s Rothschild’s giraffe is one of the most threatened giraffe species in the world. These tall mammals are one of nine giraffe species. In 2018 there were only about 1,399 remaining in the wild.

  • Poaching, habitat loss and human interference threaten the Rothchild’s giraffes.
  • They can be found in East Africa in Kenya and in Uganda, but unfortunately, they have already become extinct in Sudan.
  • ‘White stockings’ distinguish them from other giraffes. Their legs are completely white from the knee down.


Fascinating Facts About Africa's Endangered Animals

The alpha and omega of wild dogs

The African wild dog, also known as the painted hunting dog, is a very social animal and hunts in packs of about 20 dogs. They are Africa’s second most endangered carnivores, with the Ethiopian wolf taking the unlucky first spot. The remaining number of dogs is estimated at a low 1,409.

The largest groups of hounds are found in Southern Africa: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Only the dominant male and female, the alpha pair, within each pack will reproduce.


Fascinating Facts About Africa's Endangered Animals

Riveting rhino facts

There are five rhino species that fall victim to poaching:

  • Sumatran rhinos
  • Javan rhinos
  • greater one-horned rhino
  • black rhino
  • white rhino (Northern and Southern).

All of these species are threatened, but the black and white rhinos are the ones that face extinction in the near future.


Fascinating Facts About Africa's Endangered Animals


  • Black rhinos are critically endangered and there are only 5,040 and 5,458 of them left on Earth.
  • Only two Northern white rhinos remain and are protected by armed forces, 24/7.
  • There is a glimpse of hope for the Southern white rhinos, but they also have a near threatened status.

Will the lion sleep forever?

African lions are also vulnerable and their survival is threatened by:

  • poisoning
  • trophy hunting
  • habitat losses
  • prey depletion.



Helpless pygmy hippos

The Pygmy hippopotamus is a cute and smaller version of the normal hippo. These crawling creatures live in the forests of West Africa and their survival is threatened by:

  • deforestation
  • hunting by humans.

They are quite evasive and hard to spot in the wild, where just 3,000 remain.


Fascinating Facts About Africa's Endangered Animals

Original photo: _paVan_

From these facts we know that Africa’s endangered animals are at great risk. Their cycle of life is disturbed and they need all the help they can get. Help us continue important projects to protect Africa’s endangered animals by contributing to wildlife and marine conservation programs.

GVI is an international award-winning volunteer organization. Learn about our wildlife and marine conservation projects and internships in numerous countries around the world.